Publications Scientifiques

[ Article ] WHEN BAOBAB FLOWERS AND RAINMAKERS DEFINE THE SEASON: FARMERS’ PERCEPTIONS AND ADAPTATION STRATEGIES TO CLIMATE CHANGE IN WEST AFRICA

Date de soumission: 15-04-2018
Année de Publication: 2017
Entité/Laboratoire
Document type : Article
Discipline(s) :
Titre WHEN BAOBAB FLOWERS AND RAINMAKERS DEFINE THE SEASON: FARMERS’ PERCEPTIONS AND ADAPTATION STRATEGIES TO CLIMATE CHANGE IN WEST AFRICA
Auteurs Zoundji Gérard [1], Witteveen Loes [0], Vodouhê D. Simplice [3], Lie Rico [4],
Journal: International Journal of Plant, Animal and Environmental Sciences Page: 8 Available online at www.ijpaes.com
Catégorie Journal: Internationale
Impact factor: 0
Volume Journal: 7
DOI: DOI: 10.21276/Ijpaes http://dx.doi.org/10.21276/ijpaes
Resume Climate change is affecting the livelihoods of rural African populations. In fact, farmers, whose livelihoods depend on agriculture, are likely to bear the brunt of climate change impacts. The extent to which these impacts are felt depends in large part on the extent of adaptation in response to climate change. The aim of this paper is to assess Beninese farmers‟ perceptions on climate and adaptation strategies for information and knowledge that may guide decision making and draw the attention on the need to integrate local knowledge in climate adaptation. Focus group discussions and semi-structured interviews were organized with 51 farmers representing diverse farming experiences and farmland positions. In order to make the link between farmers‟ perception on the seasons prediction regarding to plant observation, we identified and observed phenology phases of five Baobab and five cashew plants based on their geographical distribution in the study area. Collected data were analyzed by using the agricultural adaptation and perception model and the dynamic system of knowledge, perception and adaptation. The study shows that farmers have different perceptions of climate change, but at the same time are almost unanimous about the changing of rainfall frequency, which is described as “rain seasons start late and end early”. The study revealed that the Baobab plants flowering phase seems to coincide with the rainy season and confirmed farmers‟ knowledge about good rainy season detecting. The article further lays out that farmers have developed a range of adaptation strategies, which are situated within the three distinguished spaces; the space of agricultural practices, the space of livelihood diversification, and the space of local culture and learning. The study suggests that understanding farmer‟s perceptions and practices and using them as a starting point for adaptation to climate change could help policy makers to formulate sustainable adaptation strategies.
Mots clés adaptation strategies; climate change; farmers‟ perception; rainfall prediction
Pages 8 - 21
Fichier

Publications par entité

  • Centre de Formation et de Recherche en matière de Population (CEFORP) (15)
  • Centre Interfacultaire de Formation et de Recherche en Environnement pour le Développement Durable (CIFRED) (18)
  • Chaire Internationale en Physique Mathématique et Applications (CIPMA-Chaire UNESCO) (16)
  • Ecole Doctorale Pluridisciplinaire <<Espaces, Culture et Développement>> (0)
  • Ecole Nationale d'Administration et de Magistrature (ENAM) (47)
  • Ecole Nationle d'Economie Appliquée et de Management (80)
  • Ecole Normale Supérieure (24)
  • Ecole Polytechnique d'Abomey-Calavi (EPAC) (877)
  • Faculté de droit et de Science Politique (FADESP) (57)
  • Faculté des Lettres et Sciences Humaines (FLASH) (889)
  • Faculté des Lettres, Langues, Arts et Communications (FLLAC) (0)
  • Faculté des Sciences Agronomiques (1436)
  • Faculté des Sciences de la Santé (FSS) (1757)
  • Faculté des Sciences Economiques et de Gestion (FASEG) (144)
  • Faculté des Sciences et Techniques (FAST) (789)
  • Faculté des Sciences Humaines et Sociales (FASHS) (19)
  • Institut de Formation et de Recherche en Informatique (IFRI) (72)
  • Institut de Mathématiques et de Sciences Physiques (IMSP) (75)
  • Institut National de l'Eau (INE) (13)
  • INSTITUT NATIONAL DE LA JEUNESSE DE L’EDUCATION PHYSIQUE ET SPORT(INJEPS) (192)
  • Institut National des Métiers d'Art d'Archéologie et de la Culture (INMAAC) (4)
  • Institut National Médico Sanitaire ( INMeS) (0)
  • Institut Régional de Santé Publique (IRSP) (51)

Publications par sexe

  • Femme( 993 )
  • Homme (