||Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome and its Associated Factors Among the Employees of a Commercial Company in Togo
HINSON Antoine Vikkey ,
KPATA SEDJRO ,
Wognin Barthélémy Sangah ,
MIKPONHOUE ROSE ,
ADJOBIME MENONLI ,
AYELO Ahoumènou Paul ,
FAYOMI EBOUM BENJAMIN ,
||SciFed Journal of Public Health
The Metabolic Syndrome is a set of clinical and biological signs that indicate a metabolic disorder and predispose to or
indicate cardiovascular disease and/or type2 diabetes.
To evaluate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and the associated factors among the employees of a commercial entity.
Materials and Methods
It was a cross-sectional descriptive study. The study population consisted of all employees who participated in the periodic
medical examination in 2016.The metabolic syndrome was studied on the basis of the definition criteria of the FID-2005.Data
analysis was performed using the Epi info software version 3.5.4. The chi-square test is used to compare the percentages. The
logistic regression was used to analyze the relationship between metabolic syndrome and risks factors. The threshold of significance
A total of 652 employees participated in our study. The prevalence of the metabolic syndrome was 26.5% according to
the definition of IDF-2005. The presence of metabolic syndrome was significantly associated with other definitional criteria in
addition to abdominal obesity: general obesity (44.4%), hypertension (31.0%), hyperglycemia (19.8%), HDL cholesterol (30.5%),
and hypertriglyceridemia (15.2%). Among those criteria, the most frequent combinations included, besides abdominal obesity, low
HDL cholesterol and a high blood sugar. In this company, more than 40 years old, work experience of 15 years or more, absence
of high-energy physical activity, socio-professional groups of executives and executing agents were the risk factors significantly
associated with the presence of the metabolic syndrome.
Metabolic Syndrome is a reality in the workplace in Sub-Saharan Africa. Adequate preventive measures must be taken.
||Metabolic Syndrome; Workers; Sub-Saharan
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