||Aims: In this study, salt resistance level of six chili (Capsicum spp.) cultivars including five local
cultivars (Adologbo, Gbatakin, Pili-pili, Gbatakin d’Agbédranfo, TPS0251) and one imported variety
(Démon) grown in Benin was evaluated at the germination stage.
Study Design: The experiment was laid out as a completely randomized design with four
Original Research Article
Place and Duration of Study: The experiment was carried out in the Laboratory of Plant
Physiologyand Abiotic Stresses Study of University of Abomey-Calavi, Republic of Benin from
September through October, 2016.
Methodology: Seeds were submitted to treatment with five NaCl concentrations (0; 30; 60; 90 and
120 mM NaCl) in petri dishes.Seed germination was checked every day during sixteen days
incubation period. Four replicates of 40 seeds each were used.
Results: From day 2 to day 16, NaCl delayed seed germination rate proportionately to NaCl
concentration except for cultivars TPS0251 and Démon. At the end of the 16 days, NaCl stress
effects on seed germination of cultivars were significantly variable. No significant reduction was
observed for cultivars Démon and TPS0251 whereas a significant decrease was observed for the
four other cultivars with a significant difference among them. The average reduction due to NaCl
stress was lower for cultivars Démon (0%) and TPS0251 (4.31%) and higher for cultivar Pili-pili
(63.61%). Salt Tolerance Index was significantly variable according to the cultivar with the highest
values for cultivar Démon (1.227) and TPS0251 (1.127) and the weakest values for cultivars Pili-pili
(0.374) and Gbatakin d’Agbédranfo (0.46).
Conclusion: NaCl stress delayed seed germination and reduced the rate of final germination. Salt
Tolerance Index was variable among the six cultivars: cultivars Démon and TPS0251 appeared to
be the most salt resistant whereas Pili-pili and Gbatakin d’Agbédranfo appeared as the most salt
sensitive at germination stage. For the first time, we demonstrated a variability of relative salinity
resistance among local chili pepper cultivars at germination stage.