||Self-Esteem, Personal Characteristics and School Performance
FIOSSI KPADONOU EMILIE ABLAWA ,
FOUNDOHOU Victoire ,
ANAGONOU LARY LUCRECE ,
KLIKPO TCHEDIE ELVIRE ,
ADEOSSI Adeogoun ,
HOUINOU EBO BDA ,
AGOSSOU THÉRÈSE ANTOINETTE. A. ,
||International Journal of Contemporary Research and Review (IJCRR). Section Psychiatry of Children and Adolescents.
||The prevalence of low self-esteem amongst teenage students appears quite high, with female students being
much more affected than male students. This notwithstanding, the girls still manage to produce better results
in school than boys, a situation which requires greater attention for enhancement and valorization.
Objective: To analyze the influence of sorne personal characteristics on self-esteem and the impact of the
latter on the school performance of teenage.
Metbod: Prospective and analytical study, carried out in 2015 on 206 students in a denominational
secondary school in Cotonou, using Coppersmith's self-esteem inventory.
Results: Self-esteem, which is either positive or negative, is influenced by sex, age and other family and
environmental factors which globally the feeling of satisfaction or dissatisfaction with life. 38.3% and
61.7% have a positive and negative self-esteem, respectively. 70.9% of the girls have a negative self-esteem
as against 49.4% of the boys. However, despite the higher prevalence ofnegative self-esteem amongst girls,
their academic output is still better than that of the boys. Negative self esteem is found to regress with age
for girls, whi1e in instead increases with age for boys. 61.7% of students had a negative self-esteem while
70.4% were dissatisfied with life, with a significant correlation between self-esteem and global satisfaction
Conclusion: A1though the prevalence of low self-esteem amongst teenage is quite high, girls appear to
manage the situation better than boys and produce better results in school, which needs to be harnessed and
||Keywords: self-esteem, age, sex, teenager, school performance.
||20177 - 20185