||To improve the quality of the traditional soap, the physico-chemical parameters of ashes of some vegetables (stalks of
Sorghum caudatum, rachis of Elaeis guineensis Jacq ., cakes of Gossypium hirsutum, raids of Zeas mays and sheets of Musa
paradisiaca) were determined. By the electronic microscopie with scanning coupled with a spectrometer dispersive of
energy, elements such as Na, K, Ca, Mg, Zn, Cu, and Mn were characterized. The results showed that all the alkaline ashes
have a content brought up in mineral elements notably there K (Gossypium hirsutum - 526500 ppm), Ca (Vitellaria paradoxa
- 597700 ppm), and Mg (Vitellaria paradoxa - 153600 ppm). So, ashes of Musa paradisiaca, Vitellaria paradoxa and of
Carica papaya would not thus be indicated for the preparation of a better soap considering their strong alkalinity capable of
irritating the skin.