Publications Scientifiques

[ Article ] Diversify More or Less? Household Income Generation Strategies and Food Security in Rural Nigeria

Date de soumission: 10-05-2019
Année de Publication: 2019
Entité/Laboratoire Faculté des Sciences Economiques et de Gestion
Document type : Article
Discipline(s) : Domaines Particuliers de l'Economie ( santé, travail, transport, ...)
Titre Diversify More or Less? Household Income Generation Strategies and Food Security in Rural Nigeria
Journal: The Journal of Development Studies
Catégorie Journal: Internationale
Impact factor: 1.52
Volume Journal: 0
DOI: 10.1080/00220388.2019.1585814
Resume We provide new findings on rural livelihood diversification in Nigeria, using panel data from the Living Standards Measurement Study – Integrated Surveys on Agriculture (LSMS-ISA). To a large extent, the patterns and the implications of livelihood diversification have been analysed using cross sectional data and a narrow definition of food security in previous studies. In some cases, analysis has been conducted in the absence of shock experiences. We find that some results about the determinants of income diversification in cross sectional analysis also hold true in the panel data setting, while others are only revealed due to the panel nature of the data set. We find that the relationship between wealth and income diversification in rural Nigeria is best categorised as upward sloping with diminishing marginal effects rather than a U shape or an inverted U shape as found in previous studies. We also find that income diversification favours food accessibility, food availability, and food utilisation, and therefore resilience capacities overall. We do not find any evidence that income diversification mitigates or aggravates the impact of shocks, as shock experiences appear to negatively affect food security in spite of income diversification.
Mots clés Income Diversification, Food Security, Rural Household, Nigeria
Pages 0 - 0

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