||Chemical quality ofgroundwaters and fluoride concentrations in the district of Dassa-Zoume, Southern Benin..
DJOSSOU MEDESSÈ DAVID ,
DJOSSOU ALFRED ,
BIGOT KOFFI ANDRÉ ,
||i\cademia Journal ofScientific Research
||Like many African countries. the groundwaters of sorne regions in Benin have
fluoride concentrations above the WHO guiùelines (0.7 to 1.5 mg/L). The fluoride
is llseful against caries and hardens the enamet At higher concentrations. it
weakens the bones or causes crystallization points implying the appearance of
arthritis deforming joint: it is fluorosis. Fluorosis is a public health problem due to
its complication in bone fluorosis. It becorncs an aesthetic problem and a daily
oncern for the patients. People discover spotted, brownish and disharmonious
teelh when the patient smiles. We propose to carry out a study on a sample of the
populations of the district of Dassa-Zoumè in arder to evaluate lhe tluoride rate
contained in groundwaters and the impacts on teeth. A transversal. descriptive
and allalytical study was conducted. It covered 1,002 PUPlts trom 4 to 18 years of
primary and secondary schools ID Dassa-Zoume. The study was carried out in two
phases: wells and weil water extraction trom Dassa-Zoume; a total of 24 boreholes
were analyzed. Questionnaires directly about dental examination were
administered and filled. The fluoride concentration rangeù between 0.29 and 4.3
mgjL with a mean of L87 mg/L. The statistical analysis carried out for p <0.05
showed no correlation between the Fand the four major elements (Ca +, N03-, NO"
and NH4t), but this correlation is positive with the evolution of pH between 6.44
and 7.08 for an average of 6.83. There was an overaU prevalence of 12.2% with
95% CI: flO.2 to 14.3%J. il CAO of 0.23 with 139 decayed teeth, 86 tceth absent
and 01 tooth c1osed. The distribution of tluorosis at the sample level showed that
61.4% of the pupils had an evident nuorosis. The results of our survey showed Ùle
importance of lreatment towards the Dassa-Zoume populations' needs. Only
preventive programs cOlild redllce the number of oral diseases.
||Fluoride - fluorosis - prevalence - Dassa - Benin.
||218 - 223