||Objectives: Hypertension is highly prevalent in West African populations. but little data is avaitable
on sail and potassium intake in these populations. We assumed in lhis srudy lhat sodium and
potassium intake might be high and low, respectively. in the Beninese population in view of the
emerging nutritionaJ transition. The aim of this study was to estimate dietary sodium and potassium
intakes based on 2 -h urine collections.
Met/lOds: We seleeted 420 individuals (ages 25-64 y), representarive of lhe population, from urban
and I"llI<I1 areas in Benin. Urine was eolleeted over 24 h. and sodium, potassium. and creatinine
were quantified. Blood pressure was measured on the left arm using a validated electronic osci.llometrie
Results: Adequate data WeIe available for 354 participants. Mean dietary intake of socUum and
potassium were 4.4 ± 2.1 and 1.8 ± 0.9 g/24 h, respectively. High intake of sodium WolS assoeiated
with urban area. age <44 y. administrative occupation, higher ineome. body mass index (BMI)
~25 kg/m2. and a large waist eircumference. High potassium intake was associated with male sex.
administrative occupation, BMI ~25 kg/m2, and large waist cironnference. Sodium intake was
assodated with high systolic and diastolie blood pressures. (n multivariale analysis, only age <44 y
and, marginally, BMI ~25 kg/m2 were associated with high sodium intake. whereas male Sel< and a
BMI ~25 kg/m2 were associated with high potassium intake.
Conclusion: Large proportions of the population had sodium intake higher. and potassium intake
lower. than dietacy recommendations. These results suggest that interventions to reduee salt
consumption and promore potassium-rich foods, induding fruits and vegetables. are needed in