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[ Article ] Frequency and Etiology of Viral Arthropathies in West African Patients

Date de soumission: 01-02-2020
Année de Publication: 2017
Entité/Laboratoire Unité de Rhumattologie (UR)
Document type : Article
Discipline(s) : Rhumatologie
Titre Frequency and Etiology of Viral Arthropathies in West African Patients
Auteurs Zomalheto, Zavier [1], Kpossou, Raimi [2], Assogba, Michée [3], Agbodande, Anthelme K. [4], Gounongbé Marcelle [5],
Journal: Open Journal of Rheumatology and Autoimmune Diseases
Catégorie Journal: Internationale
Impact factor: 0.14
Volume Journal: 7
DOI: 10.4236/ojra.2017.71008
Resume Aim: To determine the frequency and etiology of viral arthritis in West African patients at the National Hospital University Hubert Koutoukou Maga of Cotonou. Patients and Methods: It was a cross-sectional descriptive study carried out from January 2010 to July 2014 on patients received in rheumatology, hepato-gastroenterology, pediatric and internal medicine units. The selected patients had viral arthropathy. The diagnosis of viral arthritis was based on the presence of arthralgia or arthritis in the context of a viral infection. Patients with insufficiently explored records were excluded. Results: Among 4361 patients consulted, 49 (1.12%) had a viral arthropathy. The mean age of the patients was 49.13 ± 17.1 [15 - 68] years. The sex ratio was 0.58 (31 F/18 H). 38 patients were from Benin, 5 from Nigeria, 3 from Togo, 2 from Mali and 1 from Côte d’Ivoire. Joint symptoms were dominated by polyarthritis (n = 24 cases) and polyarthrlagias (n = 18 cases). Extra-articular signs present were dominated by fever (100%), skin signs (n = 37 cases), flu symptoms (n = 23 cases) and liver disorder (n = 19 cases). Viruses diagnosed were dominated by hepatitis B (n = 17), varicella-zona (n = 8) and HIV (n = 14). Conclusion: Viral arthropathy diagnosis is relatively common in West African patients especially with the HIV. This occurs as arthralgias or arthritis. The diagnosis is difficult in our working condition.
Mots clés Arthropathy, Viruses, Hepatitis B, HIV, Africa
Pages 96 - 101
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