||Introduction. The objective of this work is to document the epidemiological, clinical, and etiological features of prurigo in children.
Methods. *is is a descriptive and retrospective study done from January 2013 to September 2018 in the Dermatology Department
of National and Teaching Hospital HKM of Cotonou. All children from 0–18 years diagnosed clinically with prurigo were the
study sample. Visual analog scale was used to assess the severity of pruritus. *e data were entered and analyzed with EpiData and
Epi Info 7 software. Results. *e prevalence of prurigo was 14.9% (234/1565) in the pediatric population. *e mean age of the
children at the onset of the disease was 5.4 years ± 4.9 years. *eir sex ratio was 0.8. Pruritus was reported in 97.8% of cases; it was
moderate in 50% and severe in 50%. Several phenotypes were described, including erosivo-crusted prurigo (36.3%) and papulovesicular
prurigo (32%). Frequently observed clinical forms were chronic (44.4%), acute (38.9%), impetiginized (8.1%), and
lichenified (4.3%). Prurigo predominated on the lower limbs (74.8%), upper limbs (47.9%), and buttocks and trunk (24.8% each).
*e main etiologies were prurigo strophulus (PS) (55.5%), scabiosis (20.5%), prurigo of Besnier (10.7%), and hookworm cutaneous
larva migrans (HCLM) (8.5%). *e PS was seasonal (p � 0.036), while prurigo of Besnier, scabies, and HCLM were
perennial. Conclusion. *e main etiologies of prurigo in the study participants were PS, prurigo of Besnier, scabiosis, and HCLM.
It affected with predilection the limbs of children of less than 5 years. Prurigo was almost always itchy and often evolved in an acute
or chronic mode.