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[ Article ] Prurigo in Children of Tropical Zone: Epidemiological, Clinical, and Etiological Characteristics in a Dermatology Department in Cotonou (Benin)

Date de soumission: 24-02-2020
Année de Publication: 2019
Entité/Laboratoire
Document type : Article
Discipline(s) :
Titre Prurigo in Children of Tropical Zone: Epidemiological, Clinical, and Etiological Characteristics in a Dermatology Department in Cotonou (Benin)
Auteurs DEGBOE BÉRÉNICE [1], AKPADJAN GBEMAWONMEDE FABRICE [6],
Journal: Dermatology Research and Practice
Catégorie Journal: Internationale
Impact factor: 0
Volume Journal: 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1155/2019/2673981
Resume Introduction. The objective of this work is to document the epidemiological, clinical, and etiological features of prurigo in children. Methods. *is is a descriptive and retrospective study done from January 2013 to September 2018 in the Dermatology Department of National and Teaching Hospital HKM of Cotonou. All children from 0–18 years diagnosed clinically with prurigo were the study sample. Visual analog scale was used to assess the severity of pruritus. *e data were entered and analyzed with EpiData and Epi Info 7 software. Results. *e prevalence of prurigo was 14.9% (234/1565) in the pediatric population. *e mean age of the children at the onset of the disease was 5.4 years ± 4.9 years. *eir sex ratio was 0.8. Pruritus was reported in 97.8% of cases; it was moderate in 50% and severe in 50%. Several phenotypes were described, including erosivo-crusted prurigo (36.3%) and papulovesicular prurigo (32%). Frequently observed clinical forms were chronic (44.4%), acute (38.9%), impetiginized (8.1%), and lichenified (4.3%). Prurigo predominated on the lower limbs (74.8%), upper limbs (47.9%), and buttocks and trunk (24.8% each). *e main etiologies were prurigo strophulus (PS) (55.5%), scabiosis (20.5%), prurigo of Besnier (10.7%), and hookworm cutaneous larva migrans (HCLM) (8.5%). *e PS was seasonal (p � 0.036), while prurigo of Besnier, scabies, and HCLM were perennial. Conclusion. *e main etiologies of prurigo in the study participants were PS, prurigo of Besnier, scabiosis, and HCLM. It affected with predilection the limbs of children of less than 5 years. Prurigo was almost always itchy and often evolved in an acute or chronic mode.
Mots clés Prurigo, Children, Tropical Zone
Pages 1 - 5
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