Publications Scientifiques

[ Article ] Functional Constipation in the General Population in Cotonou: Prevalence and Associated Socio-Demographic Factors

Date de soumission: 29-02-2020
Année de Publication: 2018
Entité/Laboratoire Unité d'Hépathogastro-Enthérologie (UHE)
Document type : Article
Discipline(s) : Gastroantérologie & Hépatologie
Titre Functional Constipation in the General Population in Cotonou: Prevalence and Associated Socio-Demographic Factors
Auteurs SEHONOU JEAN [1], KPOSSOU ABOUDOU RAÏMI [2], SOKPON MARTIN [3], CATARIA Hugues [4], AZANDJEME COLETTE SYLVIE [5], VIGNON KOFFI RODOLPH [6],
Journal: Open Journal of Gastroenterology
Catégorie Journal: Internationale
Impact factor: 0
Volume Journal: 8
DOI: 10.4236/ojgas.2018.89033
Resume Background: Constipation is considered rare in sub-Saharan Africa because of the h igh fiber content of the local d iet. However, certain factors could in- tervene in this pathology. The purpose of this study was to assess the preva- lence of constipation in the general population in Cotonou and to determine the associated s ocio-demographic fac tors. Methods: This w as a c ross-sectional descriptive and analytical study conducted from July to August 2017 in 7 dis- tricts of the township of C otonou, a ccording t o a cluster sampling.W e i n- cluded anyone over the age o f 15 l iving in the c ity o f Cotonou for at least 6 months. C onstipation w as e ither se lf-reported o r fu nctional ( meeting t he Rome IV criteria). Results: A total of 1058 participants were included: 5 74 men ( sex ratio of 1 .2), me an age o f 2 9 years [range 1 5 - 92]. S elf-reported constipation was noted in 512 patients (48.5%). It was functional in 256 cases (24.2%). I n t he l atter c ategory, t here w as a p redominance o f w omen ( 138, 53.9%), of secondary education ( 46.5%), of self-employed p rofessionals (50.4%), from the Ouémé-Plateau ( 41.8%). Wer e a ssociated w ith the o ccur- rence o f fu nctional c onstipation ( univariate a nalysis), ag e ≥ 6 0 y ears ( p = 0.049), female gender (p = 0 .003), and subjects l iving alone (166, 64.8%) vs. those l iving in a relationship (90, 35.2%, p = 0 .001). Conclusion: Constipa- tion was not as rare in Cotonou. It was more common in women, subjects over 60 years old or living alone.
Mots clés Constipation, General Population, Prevalence, Associated Factors, Cotonou
Pages 306 - 316
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