Publications Scientifiques

[ Article ] Assessment and mitigation of human-lion conflict in West and Central Africa

Date de soumission: 15-02-2018
Année de Publication: 2010
Entité/Laboratoire Laboratoire d'Ecologie Appliquée (LEA)
Document type : Article
Discipline(s) : Sciences Environnement &Ecologie
Titre Assessment and mitigation of human-lion conflict in West and Central Africa
Auteurs BAUER Hans [1], DE IONGH Hans H. [1], SOGBOHOSSOU ETOTEPE A. [1],
Journal: Mammalia
Catégorie Journal: Internationale
Impact factor: 0.53
Volume Journal: 74
DOI: 10.1515/MAMM.2010.048
Resume The lion (Panthera leo) is most threatened in West and Central Africa; livestock encroachment and indiscriminatekilling of lions are the main threats. Human-lion conflict mitigation is therefore key to persistence. Several experiments were carried out in the region to assess and mitigate human-lion conflict. In Pendjari National Park in Benin, enclosures of clay instead of the usual thorny branches reduced depredation figures by half. Around the Niger side of ‘W’ National Park, depredation was estimated at US$138 per household per year and occurred mostly while grazing; people identified improved herding as the most appropriate measure. A livestock corridor through a chain of protected areas has helped reduce conflict in Benoue National Park, Cameroon. Close monitoring and enclosure improvements reduced depredation from 9 to 0 attacks in enclosures and from 60 to 18 on the pastures of six villages around Waza National Park, Cameroon. Cases in Chad and Guinea identified yet other mitigation measures, including the use of dogs, sensitisationover rural radio and using relevant Sourats from the Koran; data on effectiveness are lacking, however. These projects illustrate a varied suite of mitigation options and demonstratethat mitigation can be effective if the method is judiciously chosen and adapted to local circumstances.
Mots clés carnivores; corridor; depredation; enclosures; livestock.
Pages 363 - 367
Fichier

Publications par entité

  • Centre de Formation et de Recherche en matière de Population (CEFORP) (15)
  • Centre Interfacultaire de Formation et de Recherche en Environnement pour le Développement Durable (CIFRED) (18)
  • Chaire Internationale en Physique Mathématique et Applications (CIPMA-Chaire UNESCO) (16)
  • Ecole Doctorale Pluridisciplinaire <<Espaces, Culture et Développement>> (0)
  • Ecole Nationale d'Administration et de Magistrature (ENAM) (47)
  • Ecole Nationle d'Economie Appliquée et de Management (82)
  • Ecole Normale Supérieure (24)
  • Ecole Polytechnique d'Abomey-Calavi (EPAC) (879)
  • Faculté de droit et de Science Politique (FADESP) (57)
  • Faculté des Lettres et Sciences Humaines (FLASH) (889)
  • Faculté des Lettres, Langues, Arts et Communications (FLLAC) (0)
  • Faculté des Sciences Agronomiques (1444)
  • Faculté des Sciences de la Santé (FSS) (1757)
  • Faculté des Sciences Economiques et de Gestion (FASEG) (144)
  • Faculté des Sciences et Techniques (FAST) (792)
  • Faculté des Sciences Humaines et Sociales (FASHS) (19)
  • Institut de Formation et de Recherche en Informatique (IFRI) (72)
  • Institut de Mathématiques et de Sciences Physiques (IMSP) (75)
  • Institut National de l'Eau (INE) (13)
  • INSTITUT NATIONAL DE LA JEUNESSE DE L’EDUCATION PHYSIQUE ET SPORT(INJEPS) (192)
  • Institut National des Métiers d'Art d'Archéologie et de la Culture (INMAAC) (4)
  • Institut National Médico Sanitaire ( INMeS) (0)
  • Institut Régional de Santé Publique (IRSP) (51)

Publications par sexe

  • Femme( 991 )
  • Homme (