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[ Article ] Non-Traumatic Chronic Nasosinusitis Disorders: Clinical and Computed Tomodensitometric Aspects in Cotonou in Benin, West Africa

Date de soumission: 17-01-2021
Année de Publication: 2020
Entité/Laboratoire Unité d'Imageris Médicale (UIM)
Document type : Article
Discipline(s) : Radialogie, imagerie médicale, médécine nucléaire
Titre Non-Traumatic Chronic Nasosinusitis Disorders: Clinical and Computed Tomodensitometric Aspects in Cotonou in Benin, West Africa
Auteurs yekpe HERMIONE PATRICIA FRIDA [1], Djivèdé Akann [2], Alexis Dos Santos [3], ADJADOHOUN SONIA B M G [1], Brigitte Gbaguidi [1], Kofi Mensa Savi de Tovè [3], BIAOU OLIVIER [1], Vicentia Boco [1],
Journal: Open Journal of Radiology
Catégorie Journal: Internationale
Impact factor: 0
Volume Journal: 10
DOI: 10.4236/ojrad.2020.103016
Resume Introduction: Damage to the nasal cavities and sinuses of the face concern many disciplines, especially the specialist in Otorhinolaryngology and Cervical-Facial Surgery (ENT-CFS), since most symptoms have little value to direct the patient towards a precise diagnosis, radiological exploration, including three-dimensional imaging, provides diagnostic, therapeutic and follow-up support. The aim is to study the clinical and computed tomography scan aspects of non-traumatic chronic nasosinusitis disorders at the Teaching University Hospital of Hubert Koutoukou Maga (CNHU/HKM) in Cotonou. Material and Method: It was a descriptive and analytical study with retrospective collection, carried out over a period of 36 months from January 1st, 2014 to December 31st, 2016; on 261 files of patients seen in Otorhinolaryngology (ENT) and Cervico Facial Surgery (CFS) consultating for a chronic nasosinusitis disorder with no trauma notion and having performed a CT scan. Results: Chronic lesions of the nasal sinus cavities accounted for 13.42% of ENT consultations. There was female predominance with a sex ratio of 0.85. The clinic varied, the most common signs were rhinorrhea (74%), headache (73.6%) and sneezing (38.3%). On computed tomography scan, 225 results were pathological. Sinus backfilling was in the lead with 66.7% followed by mucous thickening with 60.44%, and by bone involvement in 28%. Inflammatory pathologies (82.22%) were on top of the list, followed by do-tumoral pathologies (20.9%). The anterior sinus complex was the most affected (56%) with predominance of the maxillary sinuses. Conclusion: chronic nasosinusitis disorders are frequent in daily practice, with a varied clinic. Computed tomography scan is a major diagnostic tool that should be favored.
Mots clés Chronic Nasosinusitis Disorder, Computed Tomography, CNHU/HKM, Cotonou
Pages 159 - 172
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