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[ Article ] Modifiable behavioral risk factors associated with biological risk factors in subjects at risk of type 2 diabetes in Benin: PREDIBE study

Date de soumission: 11-02-2021
Année de Publication: 2020
Entité/Laboratoire Laboratoire de physiologie de l'effort
Document type : Article
Discipline(s) : Physiologie de l'éffort
Titre Modifiable behavioral risk factors associated with biological risk factors in subjects at risk of type 2 diabetes in Benin: PREDIBE study
Auteurs BIO NIGAN ISSIAKO [3],
Journal: Open Journal of Epidemiology
Catégorie Journal: Internationale
Impact factor: 7.707
Volume Journal: 10
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4236/ojepi.2020.104034
Resume Introduction: Type 2 diabetes is a major public health problem worldwide. This study aimed at identifying modifiable behavioral risk factors associated with biological factors in people at risk of type 2 diabetes which could be targeted in the design and implementation of appropriate interventions to prevent the disease. Methods: 180 subjects at risk of type 2 diabetes (aged 15 - 60 years) were identified and selected at random during a preliminary survey conducted in two groups of villages in northeastern Benin. The study took part on August 2017. Questionnaires were administered to consenting subjects; anthropometric measurements taken and blood samples withdrawn. Blood samples were subjected to biochemical testing according to standard protocols. Results: Data was obtained from 180 subjects at risk of type 2 diabetes. The average age of the subjects was 42.76 ± 11.30 years. Multivariate analysis showed inadequate dietary intake score, low physical activity and tobacco use as behavioral factors significantly associated with high waist circumference, high blood sugar, low HDL cholesterol, high triglyceride levels and high body fat percentage. Conclusion: There is a possible association between biological and behavioral risk factors.
Mots clés Modifiable Risk Factors, Type 2 Diabetes, Benin
Pages 432 - 445
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