Publications Scientifiques

[ Article ] Profitability of fertilizer use in pineapple production in Benin.

Date de soumission: 11-02-2021
Année de Publication: 2020
Entité/Laboratoire Laboratoire d'Etude sur la Pauvreté et la Performance de l'Agriculture (LEPPA)
Document type : Article
Discipline(s) : Agro-économie
Titre Profitability of fertilizer use in pineapple production in Benin.
Auteurs HONFOGA GBÈNOUKPO [1], PADONOU Emile G. [2], PADONOU Freddy G. [3], AMADJI LUCIEN GUILLAUME [4],
Journal: African Journal of Agriculture, Nutrition and Development
Catégorie Journal: Africaine
Impact factor: 0
Volume Journal: 20
DOI: DOI: 10.18697/ajfand.91.19380
Resume With a contribution of 4.3% to agricultural gross domestic product (GDP) behind cashew (7.4%) and cotton (25%), pineapple has become the third export crop in Benin. However, its yields are still below the potential. Sub-optimal potassium/nitrogen (K/N) ratio in fertilizer use is leading to low fruit quality and limited market outreach. Therefore, an experimental research project was implemented to determine an optimal fertilizer use practice. This paper compares the profitability of the best experimental fertilizer use practice with that of farmers’ practices using relevant indicators. Experimental and socioeconomic data were collected from 89 randomly selected pineapple growers among 5381 growers in Zè district. The findings revealed that fertilizer use had a positive marginal effect on pineapple production with both practices. Most importantly, the experimental practice was 2-3 times more profitable than farmers’ fertilizer use practice and could be recommended. The rate of pineapple’s response to fertilizer almost doubled from 13.42 kg fruit/kg fertilizer with farmers’ practices to 23.07 kg fruit/kg fertilizer with the experimental practice. While the profit rate of pineapple production was almost the same (86%) without fertilizer use in both practices, it rather increased more than 2-fold with the experimental practice, reaching 290% against 121% with farmers’ practices. Fertilizer use therefore enabled pineapple production profitability to increase from 39% with farmers’ practices to 238% with the experimental practice. This practice doubled the marginal effect of fertilizer use and doubled the classic value/cost ratio. However, farmers cannot yet harvest the promised gold as only 1% among them presently apply that high-dose best practice. Labor availability and costs for fractioning the optimum dose over the crop’s growing cycle remains a challenge. Further, pineapple’s high perishability is another challenge which calls for building strong value chains to enable growers readily direct their harvests to more rewarding markets. Further research is still needed to factor those constraints’ alleviation into determining the “real” or affordably relevant optimal doses of fertilizer on pineapple in poor farming settings as the Zè district of Benin. Growers’ perceptions on innovative practices and their own financing strategies will be critical to foster the adoption of improved fertilizer use technologies and boost agricultural productivity in Benin. In the meantime, access to credit and off-farm activities are likely to enable a larger adoption of the optimal dose.
Mots clés fertilizer use, pineapple production practices, adoption, marginal profit, value-cost ratio, poverty reduction
Pages 15723 - 15740
Fichier (PDF)

Publications par entité

  • Centre de Formation et de Recherche en matière de Population (CEFORP) (0)
  • Centre Interfacultaire de Formation et de Recherche en Environnement pour le Développement Durable (CIFRED) (0)
  • Chaire Internationale en Physique Mathématique et Applications (CIPMA-Chaire UNESCO) (0)
  • Ecole Doctorale Pluridisciplinaire <<Espaces, Culture et Développement>> (0)
  • Ecole Nationale d'Administration et de Magistrature (ENAM) (0)
  • Ecole Nationle d'Economie Appliquée et de Management (0)
  • Ecole Normale Supérieure (0)
  • Ecole Polytechnique d'Abomey-Calavi (EPAC) (0)
  • Faculté de droit et de Science Politique (FADESP) (0)
  • Faculté des Lettres et Sciences Humaines (FLASH) (0)
  • Faculté des Lettres, Langues, Arts et Communications (FLLAC) (0)
  • Faculté des Sciences Agronomiques (0)
  • Faculté des Sciences de la Santé (FSS) (0)
  • Faculté des Sciences Economiques et de Gestion (FASEG) (0)
  • Faculté des Sciences et Techniques (FAST) (0)
  • Faculté des Sciences Humaines et Sociales (FASHS) (0)
  • Institut de Formation et de Recherche en Informatique (IFRI) (0)
  • Institut de Géographie de l'Aménagement du territoire et de l'Environnement (IGATE) (0)
  • Institut de Mathématiques et de Sciences Physiques (IMSP) (0)
  • Institut National de l'Eau (INE) (0)
  • INSTITUT NATIONAL DE LA JEUNESSE DE L’EDUCATION PHYSIQUE ET SPORT(INJEPS) (0)
  • Institut National des Métiers d'Art d'Archéologie et de la Culture (INMAAC) (0)
  • Institut National Médico Sanitaire ( INMeS) (0)
  • Institut Régional de Santé Publique (IRSP) (0)

Publications par sexe

  • Femme( 1400 )
  • Homme (