||Sleep Apnea Syndrome in Type 2 Diabetic African in Benin: Prevalence and Associated Factors
AMOUSSOU-GUENOU KOFFI DANIEL ,
AGBODANDE KOUESSI ANTHELME ,
WANVOEGBE FINANGNON ARMAND ,
GNONLONFOUN RAPHAEL ,
TCHABI YESSOUFOU ,
EYISSE YASMINE ,
MOUSSE LATIF ,
||Journal of Diabetes and Related Disorders
||Background: Sleep Apnea Syndrome (SAS) is a public health issue
because of its increasing incidence especially in type 2 diabetes, its
impact on daily life quality and its complications.
Objective: To determine the prevalence and clinical presentation of
the SAS in type 2 diabetes in Benin.
Patients and Methods: This was a cross multicenter, descriptive
and analytical study which has as framework, the insulin Bank of
Cotonou, the Polyclinic of Atinkanmey and the Departmental Hospital
of Oueme-Plateau (CHUD-OP). The study covered six-month (March to
August 2014), and included all type 2 diabetics who have given their
consent for the ventilatory polygraphy. The diagnosis of Sleep Apnea
Syndrome (SAS) was selected when the apnea hypopnea index (AHI) is
greater than 5 per hour of sleep.
Results: During the study period, 79 patients were included.
Among them, 74.7% were female; the sex ratio was 0.33. The average
age was 54.6 ± 9.8 years. The SAS was present in 53.2% of diabetics
included. Among the diabetics who experienced an SAS, 73.8% had
mild SAS, 14.3% had moderate and 11.9% had severe SAS. The SAS
was predominantly obstructive (95.2%). The risk factor significantly
associated with SAS was the age over 60 years (OR = 3.5 [1.3 to 9.9];
p = 0.013).
Conclusion: The SAS is revealed in our black African setting to be a
public health issue due to its high frequency especially in type 2 diabetic
and should be considered in the evaluation of type 2 black African
||Sleep Apnea Syndrome; Type 2 diabetes; Prevalence
||102 - 107