||Prevalence and Risk Factors of Hypertension in Type 2 Diabetics in Benin.
AMOUSSOU-GUENOU KOFFI DANIEL ,
wanvoegb FINANGNON ARMAND ,
AGBODANDE KOUESSI ANTHELME ,
DANSOU ALIHONOU ,
TCHABI YESSOUFOU ,
EYISSE YASMINE ,
AMOUSSOU-GUENOU FANDI ARNAULDE ,
MOUSSE LATIF ,
||Journal of Diabetes Mellitus
||Background: Couple High Blood Pressure (HBP)-Diabetes is a morbid association and a public
health problem. The aim of this study was to determine the actual epidemiological profile of HBP
in type 2 diabetic. Methods: A cross-sectional, prospective, descriptive and analytical study was
conducted at Banque d’insuline of Cotonou, Polyclinique Atinkanmey and CHUD-Ouémé-Plateau.
The study took place over a period of 06 months from March 01 to August 30, 2014. The study included patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus seen at consultation who agreed to participate in the
study. Results: The survey involved 400 individuals. Among them, 34% were male and the sex ratio was 0.48. The mean age was 55.6 ± 10.3 years (range 28 - 87 years). The prevalence of
hypertension in type 2 diabetic patients was 70%. The risk factors significantly associated with
HBP were age above 55 years (p = 0.000), abdominal obesity (p = 0.036), a diabetes duration
above 10 years (p = 0.009). Complications significantly associated with HBP were stroke (p = 0.013)
and diabetic foot (p = 0.044). Conclusion: HBP-type 2 Diabetes association is frequent in Benin.
||Diabetes, Prevalence, Risk Factors, Benin
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