||Effects of a Program of Obesity’s Rehabilitation in an under Developed Country...
ALAGNIDE HOUNTONDJI ETIENNE ,
Gandema Salif ,
NIAMA NATTA DIDIER ,
HOUNGBEDJI M. GERMAIN ,
Okou Laurence ,
KPADONOU Godonou Toussaint ,
||International Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
||Background: Obesity is a major public health concern.
Objective: To analyze effects of a rehabilitation program on adult obese in Cotonou.
Methods: It was a prospective, cross-sectional, descriptive and analytical study, conducted from January to June 2016 (06
months), on 122 adult obese subjects, recruited in some gymnastics clubs and the Department of Physical Medicine and
Rehabilitation of the CNHU-HKM of Cotonou. A program of physical activity were done during 20 sessions. Clinical and
biological parameters were evaluated in these subjects before and after the program. Comparing the beginning and ending
values of those parameters, their evolution were evaluated.
Results: Most of these patients were females (94.26%) aged 46.3 ± 9.70 years. Their mean BMI was 37.26 ± 5.04 kg/m2 with
an android obesity (45.9%) or a mixed one (54.1%). The fat mass index (FMI) was 47.95 ± 7.56%. Hypercholesterolemia
(59.02%) and hypertriglyceridaemia (9.02%) were observed at the beginning of the program. At the end of the rehabilitation
program, anthropometric parameters of patients were improved more markedly than those of lipids. No clinical or biological
parameters studied were significantly associated with patient’s BMI and FMI changes (p>0.05).
Conclusion: The exercise program has shown encouraging results and is therefore interesting to be applied to a larger
population in underdeveloped countries.
||Obesity; Rehabilitation; Physical activity; Cotonou
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